Dr. Mike Halsey is the chancellor of Grace Biblical Seminary, a Bible teacher at the Hangar Bible Fellowship, the author of Truthspeak and his new book, The Gospel of Grace and Truth: A Theology of Grace from the Gospel of John," both available on A copy of his book, Microbes in the Bloodstream of the Church, is also available as an E-book on If you would like to a receive a copy of his weekly Bible studies and other articles of biblical teaching and application, you can do so by writing to Dr. Halsey at and requesting, "The Hangar Bible Fellowship Journal."

Comments may be addressed to

If you would like to contribute to his ministry according to the principle of II Corinthians 9:7, you may do so by making your check out to Hangar Bible Fellowship and mailing it to 65 Teal Ct., Locust Grove, GA 30248. All donations are tax deductible.

Come visit the Hangar some Sunday at 10 AM at the above address. You'll be glad you did.

Other recommended grace-oriented websites are:


Biblical Ministries, Inc.
C/O Dr. Richard Grubbs
P. O. Box 64582
Lubbock, TX 79464-4582

Thursday, September 21, 2017


Jerry Seinfeld, Mel Brooks, Groucho Marx, Carl Reiner, Billy Crystal, Woody Allen, Jack Benny, Don Rickles, and Sid Caesar are just some of the American comedians who are Jewish. From way back when, they made us laugh and they still do today. But there is a time when all Jews around the world get serious and we're right in the middle of the time when they do.

We're in the holiest of the holiest times of the Jewish year, what's called "The Days of Awe" which climax with The Day of Atonement. During the Days of Awe, for some of the Jews, this is so serious that it's the only time of the year that they will attend synagogue, like those Christians  who attend church on Christmas and Easter.


What's drawing them to their synagogues is the seriousness of the Days of Awe. According to Dennis Prager, the rabbis' sermons on these days are their most important of the year, so important that they begin preparing for them months in advance.

Prager says, "One of the themes of these High Holy Days is an 'accounting of the soul. Jews ask themselves: What type of person have I been this past year, and how can I be a better person next year? That is why the days between Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur are known as "The Ten Days of Repentance." Some variation on this subject is what rabbis have most often talked about for as long as they have given these sermons.

According to their belief, depending on the outcome of their deeds during the year and the outcome of the Ten Days of Repentance, their names will either remain in the Book of Life or be removed therefrom. Prager points out that "their liturgy repeats and repeats one overwhelming theme: On this day, God judges humanity -- yes, every single human being."

Serious to the max, that's what those days are for them. Therefore, the rabbis need to get serious too; according to their theology, they're dealing with life and death matters. The rabbis should have no difficulty preparing their sermons for these days. "So, what will they talk about?" Prager asks.


Outside of the Orthodox synagogues, the Conservative and Reform Jewish congregants will hear their rabbis speak of global warming, racism, sexism, transgender issues, immigration, dreamers, food insecurity, single-payer health insurance and the like.

They will hear sermons against the President of the United States whose election they consider a national sin. Prager, a member of a Jewish congregation, reports that many of the Jews ritually fasted and mourned ("sitting shiva") at Trump's election, as they would have done if a family member had died.

In other words, what they're hearing in their synagogues is what they would hear on the evening news, by reading "The New York Times," tuning into the Academy or Emmy Award shows, or taking classes at a university. No need to attend a synagogue service to hear that. So their buildings are being left deserted by degrees as attendance declines.

You say that those aren't "religious" issues. Yes, they are to them, because they are progressives and to progressives global warming, racism, sexism, transgender issues, immigration, dreamers, food insecurity, single-payer health insurance is their religion.


Our Jewish friends have no monopoly on such nonsense. One "church"listed two of their recent sermon titles as: "My Summer with Mr. Rogers," "Ubuntu (not a typo), and "What I learned from Selma 50 Years Later." At another church, the topic was "Be a Better You."

Recently, I read the doctrinal statement of one church which was so generic that a Protestant, a Roman Catholic, a Calvinist, an Armenian, a Baptist, a Methodist, and a Presbyterian could easily agree with it and be admitted for membership without giving up any of their beliefs. Basically, the church stood solidly for "Whatever you want." Like the old saying goes, "If you don't stand for something, you'll fall for anything."

As the unbeliever stands under the wrath of God (Jn. 3:18, 36) these are serious times for those serious about the Great Commission, those who seek to reach those that don't know their under-wrath-position which is: "He who believes in the Son has eternal life; but he who rejects the Son will not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him.” 

This is no time for fooling around with "What I Learned from Selma," and "Be A Better You."

Get serious. 

Friday, September 15, 2017


The Prosperity Gospel promises that if you have enough faith, if you tithe and give enough, if you have positive vibes, and if you plant your seed money, God will bless you with money, promotions, and a powerful position. Sounds good, but it's ruining people.


The Prosperity Gospel met its match in Texas when Hurricane Harvey hit Houston. It was like Hulk Hogan in a cage match with The Little Sisters of the Poor. It was Godzilla vs. Bambi. The Creature from the Black Lagoon met Lassie. No contest.

The Prosperity preachers, holding the Bible aloft, speak to the gullible masses telling them that God wants them to have their best life now, their "best life" means lots of happy cabbage, periodic promotions, and homes a Saudi prince would envy. There's a cost to get your best life now: it's called "having enough faith," "tithing," and "seed money." Their sermons are infomercials for their books and tapes, that, upon purchase and practice will lead the listener to  success or so they were told until Hurricane Harvey hit.


But they've edited the Bible they hold high and lifted up. They've removed Matthew 8:20 and Acts 3:6; they've blue-penciled Luke 13:1-5; they've excluded II Corinthians 11:23-28; they never let their congregations read John 16:33, Acts 14:22, Hebrews 11:37-38 and Revelation 2:9 et al.

Then here came Harvey crashing into all the Prosperity Promises the preachers proffered, and great should be the fall thereof. The Prosperity Promises didn't work in Houston and they don't work anywhere--try preaching it Albania where people work for pitancies per day. Try delivering a prosperity sermon to those washing their clothes on a rock in Guatemala the night before they go to church. Try waxing eloquent about "Your Best Life Now" to a group of believers huddled in a home meeting for fear of the authorities in North Korea.

Among Harvey's victims were the just and the unjust. The just and the unjust lost their lives or their homes. The just and the unjust had only the clothes on their backs as they surveyed their flattened homes no skilled craftsmen can fix. According to the Prosperity Preachers, Harvey wasn't supposed to happen, not to the just, anyway.

Hurricane Harvey should empty their churches, not because of any physical damage, but because of the damage it wreaked on their false teaching. No one should listen to the prosperity peddlers any longer. Harvey should dim their TV studios and wipe them off the radio dials. 


Even among the best of believers that is, the Apostles, we don't find their living prosperous lives. Tradition tells us Paul was decapitated, Andrew and Peter were crucified, Thomas was run through by the spears of four soldiers, some say that Matthew was stabbed to death in Ethiopia, and James was both stoned and clubbed until he died. John isn't thought to have been killed, but he was exiled to Patmos. Then there's Stephen, the martyr and those unnamed ones of Hebrews 11 "of whom the world was not worthy" who suffered and suffered and suffered.

Their shows us something. The Apostles didn't invent or embellish the story of our Lord: people don't suffer and die for what they know to be a lie.

Harvey has shown us this: the theology of the the Prosperity Gospel is popcorn theology. It's all hat and no cattle.

Friday, September 8, 2017


If you’re into the social media, if you’re into reading the news online, you know that there’s a section for “Comments,” in which the readers let other readers know what they think of the story and/or what they think of others who are also commenting in what’s called, “The Thread.”

As you read those comments, you know that they can get crass, crude, and degrading. The name-calling of runs the gamut from obscene to childish. Conservatives call progressives “libtards,” "wackos,” “loons,” and “idiots.” Liberals call conservatives “Nazis,” “radicals,” and “zealots.” Each side feels justified in fighting fire with fire because they think that's the way to win.

But in the firefight, few seem to notice that ad hominem attacks persuade no one. One problem with such attacks is that they make the user appear childish, unrestrained, uneducated, and unintelligent.


Another problem is that the crass and the crude divert the discussion from the issue at hand--a favorite ploy of the politician. Each "stupid," "idiot," libtard" prevents persuasion. My personal favorite diversionary tactic is the story of the politician, wanting to distract his audience from the real issues, declared, “And furthermore, I charge my opponent with being a practicing thespian!” (He won the election.)

As one author writes, “If you want to persuade another that their belief is unsubstantiated by the facts, or that it defies reason, calling them a “libtard" isn’t going to help. In fact, it's going to cause them to shut down, and get defensive.”


I tired of all reading all of this puerile behavior, so I have a program on my computer that blocks all the Comments Sections. I couldn’t read them even if I wanted to. Ah, the marvels of technology!
But, when I used to read them, it did get me to thinking how such behavior can influence you and  me to become like the world. A case in point was an online debate that occurred several years ago among pastors, theologians, and Christian authors. The debate began to degenerate quickly into gossip, rumors, and hurled accusations. Anyone outside the faith, inadvertently stumbling onto the web page would ask, "What in the world is going on!"

The comments in the debate (I use the word advisedly) got so personal that there were those who began to write to the webmaster, pleading,  “Please! Shut this thing down; it’s embarrassing!”

And they were right. Few in the online blitzkrieg were obeying the New Testament command to “speak the truth in love.” Their main interest was to attack each other personally, attacks that were on the level of the Republicans and Democrats going hammer and tongs at each other.

One author, writing about the current online political debates, says, "There are those who will argue that because many progressives employ ad hominem attacks, conservatives have no choice but to engage in the same way; that we have to fight dirty if we want to 'win.' But what is winning? If winning means making your opponent angry or upset, then insults are the way to go. However, if winning is showing people that what you believe is right, and persuading them to open their minds and think differently, then insults are the exact opposite of a good tactic.

"We’ve been conditioned to see the world around us in terms of wins and losses, friends and enemies, but that mentality (of which I am frequently guilty) does not elucidate, nor does it persuade. . . We need to reach out rather than slap down.”


Although he was speaking of political polemics, his words made me think of the pastors I’ve heard bragging about how they made another person angry and upset, touting that as if it was “winning.” I’ve sat through many a sermon in which the pastor thought it a badge of honor that he’s alienated yet one more person. As I listen, I wonder, "Has he forgotten that verse about Jesus, “And the large crowd enjoyed listening to Him..” (Mark 12:37)

A good model for us to follow is the example of the Christian apologist Ravi Zacharias. He was speaking to an audience in which was a philosophy professor, hostile to Christianity, who had brought his students to the lecture. After the lecture, the professor and his students approached, Zacharias and challenged him to meet with him and deal with some issues the professor had, which, of course, would be attacks on Christ and Christianity.

Zacharias wisely said, "Certainly, I'll be glad to meet with you, on one condition--you don't bring your students and I won't bring mine, because you'll want to show off in front of yours and I'll want to show off in front of mine."

The professor agreed and the meeting led to a profitable discussion, one that focused on the issues, not on scoring points, showing off, and calling that, "winning," but on persuading.

Of course, I’m not talking about the gospel’s upsetting people. It does that to some, but not all (II Cor. 2:15-16). But it's the gospel that's upsetting to people, not our calling them, "dumb." What I’m talking about is crass and cruel words upsetting people, and when they do, we think, “I’m the winner.”


Let’s think backwards like C. S. Lewis did in The Screwtape Letters and examine ways that Satan would advise us to witness for Christ:

1. Interrupt often. This is how they do it on the cable news channels when discussing a political issue. They spend their time interrupting each other and yelling at each other.

2. Ask no questions. This is because you don’t care what he thinks about anything and he needs to know that you don’t care.

3. Get irritated and upset. Vent your emotions at him. Call him an “idiot,” and “stupid.” It helps to get impatient with him.

4. Forget about persuading him. Your mission is to get him angry and irritated with you. When you do that, you win.

I have a friend in the ministry whose vocal witness is accompanied by love and patience. Recently, he wrote to tell me that someone to whom he’s been saying a word “in season and out of season” has trusted Christ. How long has his love and patience been going on: nine years! That’s right, nine years. That new convert would have been turned off long ago and would have refused to listen if my friend had stooped to the puerile practice of name-calling.

I like what Dr. Charlie Bing says, “When you bait your hook with your heart, you will always catch fish.”

Friday, September 1, 2017


Listen to the following guns-blazing-no-holds-bared-attack that occurredin August 2017. The following words are the sum and substance, but not all of the blitzkrieg:

“I cannot think of something more tone-deaf, hurtful, and callous than releasing this statement . . .”

“This statement is a vile, hateful, and deeply unchristian piece of trash.”

“The fruit of this is suffering, rejection, shame, and despair.”

“Really? With all the pain, chaos & cataclysm right now, you thought now was the time for this __________?”

“How could you expect sensitivity from anyone who could spew forth this tripe?”

“It doesn’t reflect my values. I’m disgusted by this statement.”

What in the world has caused this verbal onslaught? Did somebody advocate throwing babies off the Empire State Building? Perhaps someone advised the wholesale slaughter of pedigreed puppies? Or did someone suggest placing a statue of Hitler in Tel Aviv?

No. The following is a list of some the statements that prompted the above vitriol:

“WE AFFIRM that God has designed marriage to be a covenantal, sexual, procreative, lifelong union of one man and one woman, as husband and wife, and is meant to signify the covenant love between Christ and his bride the church.” Eph. 5:22ff

“WE AFFIRM that God’s revealed will for all people is chastity outside of marriage and fidelity within marriage.”

“WE DENY that any affections, desires, or commitments ever justify sexual intercourse before or outside marriage; nor do they justify any form of sexual immorality.” Heb. 13:4; I Thess. 4:3-4, 4:7; I Cor. 6:18-20; Col. 3:5.

“WE AFFIRM that God created Adam and Eve, the first human beings, in his own image, equal before God as persons, and distinct as male and female.” Gen. 1-2

“WE AFFIRM our duty to speak the truth in love at all times, including when we speak to or about one another as male or female.” Eph. 4:15

“WE DENY that the grace of God in Christ is insufficient to forgive all sexual sins and to give power for holiness to every believer who feels drawn into sexual sin.”

The statements on marriage and chastity quoted immediately above are from “The Nashville Statement,” a response to the current moral chaos of relativism wreaking its devastation in Europe, England, and America.

The over-the-top responses against The Nashville Statement are an indication that in the current milieu to quote Jesus about marriage is to get yourself labeled as a hater of the human race. In analyzing the attacks, we see that there are those who are calling what Jesus says, “Tripe,” “Hateful,” and, of all things, “Unchristian.”
It’s an example of the principle of Romans 1: when a society rejects general revelation and exchanges the worship of the biblical God for what He created, and make that an object of worship, then “their foolish hearts are darkened,” and, “thinking themselves to be wise, they become fools.” It is only a fool who would call the words of Christ, “unchristian.”

A short time ago, the statements of “The Nashville Statement” would have brought forth because they were recognized as both true and obvious, so obvious as not worthy of mention. “The Nashville Statement” would have elicited words like, “Everybody knows and believes that” and, “Of course.”
But not today. The Nashville Statement is controversial; its concepts are under attack with guns blazing.

Friday, August 25, 2017



A lady is talking about the preachers she loved. She uses the word, “love,” so I know she really likes to listen to them. I’m interested in the two for whom her ears were itching, but I don’t have to ask—she tells me immediately that she loves Charles Stanley, pastor of the First Baptist Church in Atlanta. Then she told me that she loves Kenneth Copeland, and after searching her mind for a bit, she says that she loves Gloria Copeland too.


This raises an important issue, so let’s look at this in a bit of detail. By any fair examination, Charles Stanley and Kenneth Copeland are as opposite as William F. Buckley and Gore Vidal were, or to go further back in history, as opposite as the Hatfields and the McCoys. Neither would send a Christmas card to the other.

Kenneth Copeland is a heretic who preaches, “You are a god.” (The same message that the serpent had for Eve in that she could become like God); the same message of cult after cult. In a sampling of his heresy, we see that it’s blatant:

    “You don’t have a god in you. You are God. ‘Force of Love,’ audiotape Kenneth             Copeland, 1987

    “‘Don’t be disturbed when people accuse you of thinking you are God … They crucified Me for claiming I was God. I didn’t claim that I was God; I just claimed that I walked with Him and that He was in Me. Hallelujah! That’s what you’re doing …'” – ‘Take Time to Pray,’ Believer’s Voice of Victory, February 1987, p. 9

    “Now Peter said by exceeding great and precious promises you become partakers of the divine class. All right, are we gods? We are a class of gods!” – Kenneth Copeland, ‘Praise The Lord’ TV Show, Feb. 5, 1986

    “You really cannot ever come to that place were you let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus, who thought it not robbery to be called equal with God. Let this mind be in Kenneth Copeland, Oh my goodness, Ah! that thinks its not robbery to be called equal with God.” – Kenneth Copeland, Believer’s Voice of Victory, Monday 29th         January 2001, GOD TV

    “When I read in the Bible where God tells Moses, ‘I AM,’ I say, ‘Yah, I am too!'” –  ‘The         Force of Love,’ Kenneth Copeland, tape BBC-56

    “Jesus existed only as an image in the heart of God, until such time as the prophets of the         Old Testament could positively confess Jesus into existence through their constant prophecies.” – (Kenneth Copeland, The Power of the Tongue, pp. 8-10)

It’s not necessary to give examples of the teaching of Charles Stanley to show that he and Copeland are extreme opposites.


Yet, the lady loves, listens to, and maybe contributes to both of them. Go figure. No discernment. What’s going on? Can a person be that blind? Is she listening to them? Maybe she is. Maybe the problem is what we see all around us: People are not “enduring sound doctrine.” They hear and see the difference, but they don’t care, as stated in this article in the Chafer Theological Journal:

"Although it is enjoyable and beneficial to pray with believers from diverse backgrounds, it has likewise been disconcerting to hear commonly used statements such as, “Doctrine isn’t important,“All disagreement is junk”, and “We leave our doctrine outside before we come in so we can pray together in unity.”

"One believer even prayed, “Lord thank you that you have taught me that doctrine isn’t as         important as unity.” Most Christians would agree that some of the petty differences that divide the body of Christ are unfortunate and grieve the Spirit. But to assume that all doctrine is unimportant is strange to Scripture."

Maybe that’s it; in this postmodern age, there is no truth, each has his own truth—Copeland has his, Stanley has his.

What a mess!

Friday, August 18, 2017


One apostle, Peter, writes of another apostle, Paul: "As also in all his letters, speaking in them of these things, in which are some things hard to understand, which the untaught and unstable distort, as they do also the rest of the Scriptures, to their own destruction."

Going by the date of the writing of II Peter, We can be certain that Peter had read all of Paul's epistles. (Surely the apostles were in touch with each other as they carried out the Great Commission.) The letters of Paul contain truths that we've been studying for 2,000 years, as all of the epistles, Peter's included.


A group of us were involved in a Skype session. ("What will they think of next?" said the pioneer woman in 'Shane' as she examined a can of fruit in the general store.) One of the participants told a story and posed a question for us.


He said he was listening to the radio and on the station was a preacher who was speaking about God's absolutely free gift of salvation, "Yes, it was totally free," the man said. When he came to the conclusion of the program, and what's called, "The Invitation," he told the listeners that salvation comes when a person trusts Christ as Savior, feels sorry for his sins, confesses those sins, abandons those sins, and dedicates his life to Christ. So much for "absolutely free." That's not free; that comes with a price tag.

Then our Skyping friend posed the question: "How can someone say on the one hand that salvation is free and then on the other hand tell all the things a person must pay to get it, and not see that he's contradicting himself?" That is a poser, isn't it, or, as they used to say, "That's the $64,000 question."


If you've ever listened to sermonizing on the radio, TV, or in person, you know the radio pastor's name: it's "Pastor Larry Legion." He's all over the place with his false gospel, chewing up vocabulary and spitting out false teaching. Yet, people by the thousands sit in their appointed pews listening to the Larry Legions and never bat an eye upon hearing such a passing parade of illogical verbiage. They go farther: they reach for their checkbooks and finance his nonsense. They keep him going. They are a partner in it. And that's serious.

Those Skyping that day offered several answers to the good question: the satanic blindness of II Corinthians 4:4 was one answer; our culture was another. By answering, "Our culture," it was meant that Pastor Legion's invitation has been the norm for generations and, "If my parents and grandparents adhered to that old religious jargon, it's good enough for me." By "Our culture" is meant that such an presentation is ingrained in our ecclesiastical psyches, that's what we've heard since our days in the cradle roll, world without end, amen, so the nonsense just rolls right by us as it flows trippingly, off Pastor Legion's tongue. It's as illogical as the man who said, "It's bad luck to be superstitious."


The baseline of what's happening is that both pulpits and pews don't know the definition of grace. Grace is hard to understand because of the blindness and the culture.

Grace is unmerited favor; grace recognizes no merit and no demerit. What's happening is that we're raised with the idea, "If you want it, work for it; earn it." "If you don't work, you don't eat," and as a restaurant named itself "Tanstafle," (There's No Such Thing as A Free Lunch), that's the way people think of going to heaven.

Paul ran into the same thing, people misunderstanding grace, so what did he do? He knew he had to expound on it and not just leave the word lying out there undefined and by itself. So he wrote, "For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God;  not as a result of works, so that no one may boast." Notice how he clarifies grace, it's "not of yourselves," it's "not of works," it eliminates bragging on yourself. (Eph. 2:8-9) He has to explain it because grace is a hard concept to grasp.

In Titus 3:5, he explains: "He saved us, [here comes the explanation] not on the basis of deeds which we have done in righteousness, but according to His mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewing by the Holy Spirit,"

In his classic work, Romans, Paul explains that salvation is "apart from the Law," "apart from works" three times and cites twoillustrations to prove it--Abraham and David. 

Grace is something"hard to understand." That's why Paul asked for the prayers of the believers in Colosse, so that "I may make it clear in the way I ought to speak." What he wanted to say clearly was what he wrote in I Cor. 15 about the gospel of grace: salvation is free to anyone who believes that Jesus, the God/Man, died for his sins and rose from the dead, trusting Him and Him alone for forgiveness of sin and eternal life. That's the grace way of salvation, the only way is the way without cost to the sinner.

Grace is the final message of the Bible, so as to nail it down one last time: "The Spirit and the bride say, 'Come.' And let the one who hears say, 'Come.' And let the one who is thirsty come; let the one who wishes take the water of life without cost."


Friday, August 11, 2017


There are prisons with wardens and walls, bars and barbed wire, cement and cells. Then there's a prison without those things--without guards and guns, without bed checks and bulls. This prison is one of the intellect, one to which a man goes of his own free will and locks himself inside.


His prison is a universe without a known cause other than his attribution of it to the impersonal  + time + chance. Although he longs to believe that the great drama of his life has an Author and a noble end, he lives locked inside thinking that the impersonal  + time + chance "laboriously produces man, mind, and devotion only to snuff them out in the maturity of their development." (Will Durant)

When he turns to science, he finds it gives him great power, but diminishes his significance. It gives him no purpose and stands silent on the great questions, "Who am I?" "Why am I here?" and "Where am I going?" When history or the arts try to give him meaning, values, and goals, death cancels them out. They weren't ultimate, only momentary. In this intellectual prison, neither he nor anyone else, nor any loved one has any ultimate meaning.


Every fourth Thursday in November, he's intellectually alone because he has no one to thank. He can't thank the impersonal, time, and chance, that would be like expressing gratitude to a rock.

Christmas is a hollow holiday, it's just the end of the year for drinking, hangovers, headaches, nausea, giving gifts without knowing the Ultimate Giver.


The tragedy is that he's put himself in this prison in spite of clear and understandable communication to the contrary. He's chosen to to reject the 24/7 attempts of the God of the Bible to communicate with him. Instead of worshiping and wanting to know more about Him, he decides to worship himself, an animal, a tree, or his bank accounts. (Romans 1:18ff)

The odd thing he's adamant in wanting others to join him in his incarceration. They say that misery loves company, so he spends his time arguing with others, trying to get them behind bars as soon as he can. Yet, we get the feeling that he's really arguing with himself to keep his cell locked.


Inside the prison, he searches for something to make him happy. In this search, C. S. Lewis delivered a profound insight into the psychological engine that drives the drama of history: “All that we call human history — money, poverty, ambition, war, prostitution, classes, empires, slavery — is the long terrible story of man trying to find something other than God which will make him happy.” )We can add to that list terrorism and abortion.)


But such a quest for happiness comes at a cost to others. The search doesn't occur in a vacuum. "So what happens when [you] seek joy and must use someone to get it? You must oppress. You must step on toes. You must wound and offend. And you come face-to-face and eye-to-eye with other such atheists seeking personal happiness at your expense. You get used. Paradoxically, these desires attract us to one another, making the impact even harder, like an inevitable head-on collision between freight trains." (Tony Reinke)

Fallen man is a freak: he locks himself in prison and becomes vehement that others join him.